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Seahorse Facts

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Did You Know:

  • Seahorses gained international protection on May 15, 2004
  • What do South American Spider Monkeys, Ringtail Opossums and seahorses have in common? They all have prehensile tails.
  • Seahorses are members of the Teleost suborder, or bony fish.
  • Seahorses usually live in the tropics or along temperate coasts.
  • The average height of a full-grown sea horse is 2-8 inches. Seahorses also vary in color, including orange, red, yellows, grey, and greens.
  • Seahorses can come in patterns like “zebra stripes” and spots.
  • Seahorses change color to blend in with their surroundings.
  • Seahorses feed on small living animals such as daphnia, cyclops, larvae of water insects, or mysids.
  • Seahorses like to swim in pairs linked by their tales.
  • Seahorses cannot curl their tails backwards.
  • Seahorses belong to the vertabra group, meaning they have an interior skeleton.
  • The small dorsal fins propel it through the water in an upright position, while it beats them back and forth, almost as fast as a humming bird flapping its wings.
  • Seahorses usually mate under a full moon.
  • The pectoral fins control turning and steering. When resting, the seahorse curls its tail around seaweed, to keep it from floating away...
  • Seahorse natural predators are crabs, tuna, skates and rays.
  • Seahorses are loyal and mate for life.
  • During mating, the Seahorses utter musical sounds.
  • The female deposits eggs into the male’s small pouch, and then leaves. Out of the entire animal kingdom, these are the only animals in which the male has babies!
  • Twenty-five million seahorses a year are now being traded around the world - 64 percent more than in the mid-1990s - and environmentalists are increasingly concerned that the booming trade in seahorses is putting the creatures at risk.
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